The world we live in is way too complex and multidimensional for us to comprehend completely.
The Torah (Bible) confirmed the statement that humans never will be able to come close enough to G-d because we are merely His creations as it says in Yeshayahu- Isaiah – 55:8:””For My thoughts are not your thoughts, neither are your ways My ways,” says the L-rd.”
However the thirst is still there as Albert Einstein expressed this idea:” I want to know how G-d created this world. I’m not interested in this or that phenomenon, in the spectrum of this or that element. I want to know His thoughts, the rest are details.” (p. 123, E. Salaman, “A Talk with Einstein,” The Listener 54 ).
Though the same Einstein wrote in 1936 letter in response to a sixth-grader, Phyllis Wright:” … every one who is seriously engaged in the pursuit of science becomes convinced that the laws of nature manifest the existence of a spirit vastly superior to that of men, and one in the face of which we with our modest powers must feel humble.”
Thus even Einstein acknowledged existence of the Power that is way above human understanding.
I do believe though that the synthesis of different perspectives on life given by various systematic enterprises will bring humanity significantly closer to the fullest understanding of the matter according to our limited capabilities.
However the more we look from a position of different systems the more we find contradictions. I would say the opposite: the more contradictions the better because the world around us is not one or even three dimensional. It contains multitudes. All these contradictions are united on a certain level and ultimately will lead us on the same path.
We should understand that any form of describing universe around us (physics, geography, psychology, astrology etc.) will not be absolute and all the classifications are based on the definitions that people agree upon. Even about the G-dly Torah it says that it speaks in the language of man.
One of the interesting (though pretty simple in my opinion) examples is the contradiction in defining human beings in Science and Religion. People are classified as members of the Animal Kingdom in Biology but being put into separate kingdom by the Torah (Bible).
In reality there is no conflict between these two interpretations.
Because first you have to clarify based on what characteristics the classification was done. According to science humans share the main physical features with mammals. Mammals are endothermic vertebrates that have hair and produce milk to feed their young ones, and for biology that’s enough.
Nevertheless Torah puts humans into separate category because man has something unique. Something that none other creature has – power of speech to be exact. Bible states that a man has unique intellectual quality – he is called ‘medaber’ (speaking). Even though there are animals who can communicate between themselves or birds who can mimic human speech, that doesn’t qualify them to be in the same category because one can be called “medaber” only if he uses his intellect. The intellect that allows person to distinguish between truth and falsehood according to Rambam (Moishe ben Maimon – one of the most prolific and influential Jewish scholars of the Middle Ages).
Clearly these two pictures are not contradicting one another but represent two different dimensions of a whole. The same method you can apply practically to anything.
Even though we have to admit that our actual knowledge of broad possibilities in synthesis is pretty incomplete at this time we should continue to pursue this very exciting journey to see connections in deep mystery of the realm of Matter.